Hemchandra kanungo

Hemchandra kanungo das was an Indian nationalist and a member of theAnushilan samiti.

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Hemchandra Kanungo Das (1871–1951) was an Indian nationalist and a member of theAnushilan samiti. Kanungo travelled to Paris in 1907, where he learnt the technique of assembling Picric acid bombs from exiled Russian revolutionaries. Kanungo's knowledge was disseminated throughout Indian nationalist organisations in the Raj and abroad. In 1908, Kanungo was one of the principal co-accused with Aurobindo Ghosh in the Alipore Bomb Case (1908–09). He was sentenced to transportation for life in the Andamans, but was released in 1921.[1]

Hemchandra Kanungo



Hemchandra Kanungo

Born

Hemchandra Kanungo Das


1871

Radhanagar, Belda

DiedApril 8, 1951(aged 79–80)NationalityIndianOrganizationAnushilan SamitiKnown forIndian Freedom Fighter

He was probably the first revolutionary from India who went abroad to obtain military and political training. He obtained training from the Russian emigre in Paris.[2] He returned to India in January 1908. He opened a secret bomb factory "Anusilonee Somitee" atManiktala near Kolkata, founder members of which were Hemchandra Kanungo, Aurobindo Ghosh (Sri Aurobindo) and his brother,Barindra Kumar Ghosh. He was one of the creators of the Calcutta flag, based on which the first flag of independent India was raised by Bhikaiji Cama on 22 August 1907 at theInternational Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany.

Biography

Religious beliefs

References898. Hemchandra Ghosh (1884-1980), 899. Hemchandra Kanungo (1871-1951)

1n 1901, Swami Vivekananda went to Dhaka and there he met and inspired a number of youths. Among them was Hemchandra Ghosh, an 18 years old boy who talked with Vivekananda on 3rd and 4th April. On 4th April, Hemchandra and his friends ( Srish Pal, Rajen Guha, Jogesh Dutta etc ) decided to join the Biplabi Andolon. Hemchandra was a disciple of Soham Swami ( Baghmara Shyamakanta ) or Shyamakanta Bandopadhyay. The latter inspired him with the words-"THERE IS TRUTH IN BRAHMAN. THERE IS ALSO TRUTH IN BULLET." Born on 24th October, 1884, in Dhaka, his father was a lawyer named Mathuranath Ghosh, and mother Monomohini Devi. They had four sons and one daughter, among whom "bhona" or Hemchandra was most famous. When Hemchandra was a student of Dhaka Jubilee School, he started to read Bankimchandra's works. It was a time of revolutionary movement and he soon got involved in it. Hemchandra wrote later-" Bankim's Anandamath inspired me to form a secret society. Physical culture and lathi-khela became my hobbies. Then came the Russo-Japanese War, in which Russia was defeated. The nations of Asia had become restless. This also made me restless." From 1901 to 1905, he had links with Pulin Behari Das, Ullaskar Dutta, Pramathanath Mitra and Barin Ghose. Pulin Das taught him the techniques of lathi chalana. In 1905, he started his own group named Dhaka Mukti Sangha or later Mukti Sangha in short. Its early members were Srish Pal, Rajen Guha, Makhan Chakraborty, Haridas Dutta, khagen Das, Bibhuti Basu, Nikunja Sen, Suren Bardhan etc. In 1906, Hemchandra came to kolkata to meet famous revolutionaries and leaders of that time like Sri Aurobinda, Brahmabandhab Upadhyay, Bipin Pal etc. A brach of Mukti Sangha was started in kolkata by Srish Pal. The first achievement of this branch was the killing of Nandalal Banerjee on 9th November, 1908, near Serpentine Lane. This police officer was responsible for hanging Khudiram Basu. In this, Srish Pal played the leading role with Ronen Ganguli of Atmonnoti Samiti. The second attemt of Mukti Sangha was on the life of a British Engineer of Alexander Jute Mill, which failed. The 3rd achievement was the Rhoda Conspiracy, in which Srish Mitra of Atmonnati Samiti played the leading role. In 1814, Hemchandra was arrested on Rhoda Conspiracy Case and in 1818, was sent to Hazaribag Central Jail as a state prisoner. He was released in 1920 after 6 years imprisonment in different jails. From 1920 to 1923, the members of Mukti Sangha formed several platforms like Sri Sangha, Shanti Sangha, Dhruva Sangha etc for social welfare. In reality, these were the platforms for secret recruitment of boys. Hemchandra motto was-"QUALITY, NOT QUANTITY." In 1926, Mukti Sangha members started Benu, a monthly magazine. Its first editor was famous Biplabi Bhupendra kishore Rakshit Ray. Hemchandra had close links with Sarat Chandra and Subhash Bose. In 1928, Hemchandra played an important role in Calcutta Congress. In this congress, Bengal Volunteers was formed by Hemchandra and commanded by Subhash Chandra Bose. The Mukti Sangha was transformed into BV





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