At Virata's Kingdom Ramayan

Brihannala – Eunuch at Virata's Kingdom.

Main article: Brihannala

Along with his brothers, Arjuna spent his last year of exile in the kingdom of Matsya. This is the place where Urvashi's curse is implemented and Arjuna becomes a eunuch called

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called Brihannala (within themselves Pandavas called him Vijaya).[28] At the palace, he teaches song and dance, qualities he had learnt from Chitrasena [King of the Gandharvas in Devalok], to the King Virata's daughter, Uttarā. Later, Arjuna arranges for Uttara to become his daughter-in-law by marrying his son Abhimanyu to her. At the same time, he prevents Subhadra from marrying Abhimanyu to Balarama's daughter Vatsala, as the Kurus find marriages between cousins taboo. But Arjuna and Subhadra are cousins too since Kunti (Arjun's Mother) and Vasudeva (Subhadra's father) are brother and sister.
Hearing about the death of Kichaka, Duryodhana surmises that the Pandavas were hiding in Matsya. A host of Kaurava warriors attack Virata, presumably to steal their cattle, but in reality, desiring to pierce the Pandavas' veil of anonymity. Full of bravado, Virata's son Uttar attempts to take on the army by himself while the rest of the Matsya army has been lured away to fight Susharma and the Trigartas. As suggested by Draupadi, Uttar takes Brihannala with him, as his charioteer. When he sees the Kaurava army, Uttar loses his nerve and attempts to flee. There, Arjuna reveals his identity and those of his brothers'. Switching places with Uttar, Arjuna takes up the Gandiva and Devadatta. Eager to defend the land that had given him refuge, Arjuna engaged the legion of Kaurava warriors. All the warriors including Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Kripa and Ashwatthama together attacked Arjuna to kill him but Arjuna defeated all of them multiple times.[29] During the battle Arjuna also killed Sangramjit the foster brother of Karna and instead of taking the revenge of his brother, Karna took heroic flight in order to save his life from Arjuna.[30]

Abhimanyu's marriageEdit

Arjuna saved Matsya kingdom from Kurus and brought back all the cattle, sheep etc. As a gratitude, Virata king offered his daughter to Arjuna. Arjuna replied Virata king gently that he had taught dance to Uttara. So he was a teacher to Uttara, a teacher treat a student as a child but not as a spouse. Arjuna suggested Virata King marry Uttara to his son Abhimanyu. Virata king was very much pleased with this offer. In some versions, it is also said that Abhimanyu and Uttara were already in love as Abhimanyu already met Uttara while he was in search of his parents who were in exile. This was noticed by Draupadi and Yudhishtira. Everybody in Dwaraka agreed Arjuna's proposal and soon Balarama with his wife; Krishna with Rukmini; Arjuna, Subhadra and Abhimanyu reached Matsya kingdom. Abhimanyu married Uttara very soon; 4 months before the commencement of the war.[31] Before the war on one day; Krishna took a promise from Arjuna that Arjuna won't use any of Pashupatastra, Vaishnavastra, Brahma shira astra & Vajra astra. If Arjuna would have used any one of the war would end within a minute but Krishna wanted most of the warriors to be dead from Pandavas side as well. Thus Arjuna fought war without using any of Pashupatastra, Vaishnavastra, Brahma shira astra & Vajra astra.

Kurukshetra WarEdit

Bhagavad GitaEdit

Main article: Bhagavad Gitacalled Brihannala (within themselves Pandavas called him Vijaya).[28] At the palace, he teaches song and dance, qualities he had learnt from Chitrasena [King of the Gandharvas in Devalok], to the King Virata's daughter, Uttarā. Later, Arjuna arranges for Uttara to become his daughter-in-law by marrying his son Abhimanyu to her. At the same time, he prevents Subhadra from marrying Abhimanyu to Balarama's daughter Vatsala, as the Kurus find marriages between cousins taboo. But Arjuna and Subhadra are cousins too since Kunti (Arjun's Mother) and Vasudeva (Subhadra's father) are brother and sister.
Hearing about the death of Kichaka, Duryodhana surmises that the Pandavas were hiding in Matsya. A host of Kaurava warriors attack Virata, presumably to steal their cattle, but in reality, desiring to pierce the Pandavas' veil of anonymity. Full of bravado, Virata's son Uttar attempts to take on the army by himself while the rest of the Matsya army has been lured away to fight Susharma and the Trigartas. As suggested by Draupadi, Uttar takes Brihannala with him, as his charioteer. When he sees the Kaurava army, Uttar loses his nerve and attempts to flee. There, Arjuna reveals his identity and those of his brothers'. Switching places with Uttar, Arjuna takes up the Gandiva and Devadatta. Eager to defend the land that had given him refuge, Arjuna engaged the legion of Kaurava warriors. All the warriors including Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Kripa and Ashwatthama together attacked Arjuna to kill him but Arjuna defeated all of them multiple times.[29] During the battle Arjuna also killed Sangramjit the foster brother of Karna and instead of taking the revenge of his brother, Karna took heroic flight in order to save his life from Arjuna.[30]

Abhimanyu's marriageEdit

Arjuna saved Matsya kingdom from Kurus and brought back all the cattle, sheep etc. As a gratitude, Virata king offered his daughter to Arjuna. Arjuna replied Virata king gently that he had taught dance to Uttara. So he was a teacher to Uttara, a teacher treat a student as a child but not as a spouse. Arjuna suggested Virata King marry Uttara to his son Abhimanyu. Virata king was very much pleased with this offer. In some versions, it is also said that Abhimanyu and Uttara were already in love as Abhimanyu already met Uttara while he was in search of his parents who were in exile. This was noticed by Draupadi and Yudhishtira. Everybody in Dwaraka agreed Arjuna's proposal and soon Balarama with his wife; Krishna with Rukmini; Arjuna, Subhadra and Abhimanyu reached Matsya kingdom. Abhimanyu married Uttara very soon; 4 months before the commencement of the war.[31] Before the war on one day; Krishna took a promise from Arjuna that Arjuna won't use any of Pashupatastra, Vaishnavastra, Brahma shira astra & Vajra astra. If Arjuna would have used any one of the war would end within a minute but Krishna wanted most of the warriors to be dead from Pandavas side as well. Thus Arjuna fought war without using any of Pashupatastra, Vaishnavastra, Brahma shira astra & Vajra astra.

Kurukshetra WarEdit

Bhagavad GitaEdit

Main article: Bhagavad Gitacalled Brihannala (within themselves Pandavas called him Vijaya).[28] At the palace, he teaches song and dance, qualities he had learnt from Chitrasena [King of the Gandharvas in Devalok], to the King Virata's daughter, Uttarā. Later, Arjuna arranges for Uttara to become his daughter-in-law by marrying his son Abhimanyu to her. At the same time, he prevents Subhadra from marrying Abhimanyu to Balarama's daughter Vatsala, as the Kurus find marriages between cousins taboo. But Arjuna and Subhadra are cousins too since Kunti (Arjun's Mother) and Vasudeva (Subhadra's father) are brother and sister.
Hearing about the death of Kichaka, Duryodhana surmises that the Pandavas were hiding in Matsya. A host of Kaurava warriors attack Virata, presumably to steal their cattle, but in reality, desiring to pierce the Pandavas' veil of anonymity. Full of bravado, Virata's son Uttar attempts to take on the army by himself while the rest of the Matsya army has been lured away to fight Susharma and the Trigartas. As suggested by Draupadi, Uttar takes Brihannala with him, as his charioteer. When he sees the Kaurava army, Uttar loses his nerve and attempts to flee. There, Arjuna reveals his identity and those of his brothers'. Switching places with Uttar, Arjuna takes up the Gandiva and Devadatta. Eager to defend the land that had given him refuge, Arjuna engaged the legion of Kaurava warriors. All the warriors including Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Kripa and Ashwatthama together attacked Arjuna to kill him but Arjuna defeated all of them multiple times.[29] During the battle Arjuna also killed Sangramjit the foster brother of Karna and instead of taking the revenge of his brother, Karna took heroic flight in order to save his life from Arjuna.[30]

Abhimanyu's marriageEdit

Arjuna saved Matsya kingdom from Kurus and brought back all the cattle, sheep etc. As a gratitude, Virata king offered his daughter to Arjuna. Arjuna replied Virata king gently that he had taught dance to Uttara. So he was a teacher to Uttara, a teacher treat a student as a child but not as a spouse. Arjuna suggested Virata King marry Uttara to his son Abhimanyu. Virata king was very much pleased with this offer. In some versions, it is also said that Abhimanyu and Uttara were already in love as Abhimanyu already met Uttara while he was in search of his parents who were in exile. This was noticed by Draupadi and Yudhishtira. Everybody in Dwaraka agreed Arjuna's proposal and soon Balarama with his wife; Krishna with Rukmini; Arjuna, Subhadra and Abhimanyu reached Matsya kingdom. Abhimanyu married Uttara very soon; 4 months before the commencement of the war.[31] Before the war on one day; Krishna took a promise from Arjuna that Arjuna won't use any of Pashupatastra, Vaishnavastra, Brahma shira astra & Vajra astra. If Arjuna would have used any one of the war would end within a minute but Krishna wanted most of the warriors to be dead from Pandavas side as well. Thus Arjuna fought war without using any of Pashupatastra, Vaishnavastra, Brahma shira astra & Vajra astra.

Kurukshetra WarEdit

Bhagavad GitaEdit

Main article: Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad GitaEdit

Main article: Bhagavad Gita



Arjuna and Lord Krishna, with Krishna as the sarathi or charioteer

As the battle draws close, Arjuna is overcome with self-doubt about the righteousness of the war against his own kith and kin. He is distraught at the thought of having to fight with his friends and family such as his dear teacher, Drona and grandsire Bhishma. It was then that Krishna took charge and explained the necessity and inevitability of the war to Arjuna. This conversation is a key part of the Mahabharata known as Bhagavad Gita, and is considered as a holy scripture of Hinduism.
Arjuna plays the role of the reader in the Bhagavad Gita. As Krishna dispenses the advice, Arjuna asks the questions.The Bhagavad Gita primarily takes the form of philosophical dialogue between Prince Arjuna and Krishna.

Battles fought at KurukshetraEdit



Defeat of Jayadratha.



Arjuna kills Karna.

Arjuna was a key Pandava warrior and played a huge role in the Pandava victory in the Kurukshetra war. Lord Hanuman stayed on Arjuna's chariot flag.
Some of the crucial battles fought by Arjuna are as follows:

Fall of Bhishma: According to original Mahabharat Arjuna fairly killed Bhishma on 10th day of kuru war, Shikhandi does not have any role in the matter, though as per one narrative it is Shikhandi who killed Bhishma.

Death of Bhagadatta: On the 12th day of the war, Arjuna killed Bhagadatta.

Killing of the Trigartas: On 17th day of war, Arjuna killed all the Trigartas.

Death of Jayadratha: Arjuna held Jayadratha responsible for Abhimanyu's death on the 13th day of the war. He vowed to kill him the very next day before sunset, failing which he would kill himself by jumping in a pyre.The Kauravas hid Jayadratha from Arjuna in a formation, knowing that Arjuna's death would result in a Kaurava victory. Finally Arjuna defeated all protector of Jaydratha including Karna and Ashwthama and beheaded Jayadratha and made his arrows to carry away Jayadratha's head.[32] This was because Jayadratha had a boon from his father that whoever would be responsible for his head falling to the ground would have his own head blown up. That is why Arjuna carried the severed head of Jayadratha to his father, who was awoken from his meditation by the sudden landing of a severed head on his body and since he ended up dropping it to the ground, he had his head blown up.[33]

Death of Karna: The battle between the two continued fiercely. Finally, Arjuna killed Karna on the 17th day using Anjalikastra.

Conquest for AshvamedhaEdit


After the conclusion of the war, the Pandavas take charge of Hastinapura, the undivided realm of their ancestors. Yudhishira appointed Arjuna as the Yuvaraj of Hastinapura.[34] Yudhishthira decided to hold the Ashvamedha Yagna, or "horse sacrifice", to grant them the title of Chakravarti ("Emperor"). Arjuna led the armed forces which followed the horse around its random wanderings. He received the submission of many kings, either without or following an armed confrontation. He was thus instrumental in the expansion of the Pandava domains. Arjuna was the only warrior who alone conquered whole world in Mahabharat, Apart from Arjuna no one warrior ever achieved this feats. In the Ashvamedha Yagna, the horse was stopped by Babruvahana. He defeated Bhima and killed Vrishaketu without knowing that they are his relatives and he was the son of Arjuna. Arjuna fought with Babruvahana and went on upper hand since Arjuna was invincible. Arjuna defeated Babruvahana & went to collect the horse. Babruvahana then used the divine weapon to kill Arjuna. This divine weapon would kill any person even monstrous demons. Soon Arjuna got killed and the news reached Chitrāngadā. She scolded him and revealed the truth that he was the son of Arjuna. With the help of Ulupi, Arjuna's life was restored by a gem called Nagamani. Arjuna was very impressed with his son's bravery.
Arjuna built the Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple during his conquest in South India. Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple is one of the "Divya Desams", the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars[35] located near Aranmula, a village in Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, South India.

DeathEdit



Arjuna throws his weapons in water as advised by Agni.

After Sri Krishna left his mortal body, Arjuna took the citizens of Dwaraka, including 16,100 wives of Krishna, to Indraprastha. On the way, they were attacked by a group of bandits. Arjuna desisted fighting seeing the law of the time.
Upon the onset of the Kali yuga and acting on the advice of Vyasa, Arjuna and other Pandavas retired, leaving the throne to their only descendant to survive the war of Kurukshetra, Arjuna's grandson Parikshit. Giving up all their belongings and ties, the Pandavas, accompanied by a dog, made their final journey of pilgrimage to the Himalayas. It is also to be noted that the listener of the Mahabharata is Janamejaya, Parikshit's son.[36]
Except for Yudhishthira, all of the Pandavas grew weak and died before reaching heaven (only Yudhishthira is allowed to keep his mortal body). Arjuna was the fourth one to fall after Draupadi, Sahadeva and Nakula. When Bhima asks Yudhishthira why Arjuna isn't permitted the same, the reason given is Arjuna's overconfidence in his skills. Draupadi also falls because while she claimed to love all the Pandavas equally, she had a soft spot for Arjuna. Bhima was the fifth to fall after Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. The reason why Bhima fell is that he enjoyed the sufferings of other people. People may cause suffering sometimes, but not allowed to enjoy them. Nakula fell because he liked his appearance a lot instead of being royal.[37]

Prominent Astras possessed by Arjuna

AstraDeityEffectpossessed byAnjalika AstraIndraArjuna killed Karna using this astra.[38]Arjuna, LakshmanaSuryastraSurya, God of the SunCreates a dazzling light that would dispel any darkness about and dry up water bodies.Arjuna & HanumanJyotiksha AstraSurya, god of the SunThe Jyotiksha Astra could brighten a dark area.Arjuna & HanumanChandrastraChandra, god of the MoonThis Astra could intensify the brightness such that opponents fail to see the things happening around.Arjuna & AbhimanyuIndraastraIndra, King of GodsWould bring about a 'shower' of arrows from the sky.Arjuna and IndrajitBhaumastraBhūmi, Goddess of EarthThe weapon could create tunnels deep into the earth and summon jewels.Arjuna and RamaNagapashaThe NagasUpon impact, this weapon would bind the target in coils of living venomous snakes.Indrajit & ArjunaGarudastraGarudaA weapon that can defend against Nagaastra when attacked by the opponents.[39]Rama & ArjunaSauparnaGarudaThe Sauparna weapon would release crazy birds. Hence, it was a good counter to the Nagapasha.Only ArjunaAgneyastraAgni, God of FireThe weapon discharged would emit flames inextinguishable through normal means.Rama and ArjunaVarunastraVaruna, God of WaterThe weapon discharged would release torrential volumes of water. This weapon is commonly mentioned as used to counter the Agneyastra.Arjuna, Rama, Hanuman & Krishna.VayvayastraVayu, God of WindBrings about a gale capable of lifting armies off the ground.Arjuna & HanumanVisoshanaIndra, King of godsThe Visoshana was the drying weapon. It could dry anything. It was an amazing counter to the Varunastra.Only ArjunaSailastraThe Sailastra was used to make heavy winds disappear, meaning it was the counter to Vayvayastra, the wind weapon.Only ArjunaSammohana astraGandharvasWould cause entire hosts/armies to collapse in a trance, causes unconsciousness.Arjuna & IndrajitPrajnastraThis weapon was used to restore the senses and thoughts of someone. It was a good counter to the Antardhana Astra and the Sammohana.Indrajit, Drona & ArjunaAntardhana AstraKubera, god of wealthThe Antardhana Astra would make things, people or entire places disappear.Only ArjunaSabda-veda astraThis weapon prevents an opponent from turning invisible. Used by Arjuna against the Ghandarva king Chitrasena.Arjuna & KrishnaVajraIndra, God of WeatherTarget would be struck with bolts of lightning (vajra referring to Indra's thunderbolt).[40]Rama & ArjunaTwashtar AstraTwashtri, the Heavenly BuilderWhen used against a group of opponents (such as an army), would cause them to mistake each other for enemies and fight each other.Only ArjunaBrahmaastraBrahmaWould destroy entire hosts at once and could also counter most other astras.Parashurama, Bhishma, Drona, Arjuna, Krishna, Karna, Kripa, Ashwatthama, Rama, Lakshmana, Hanuman, Ravana , IndrajitMohini AstraMohini, an Avatar of VishnuDispel any form of maya or sorcery in the vicinity.Only ArjunaRudra AstraShiva, the DestroyerVery destructive in nature and Arjuna obtained this weapon from Lord Shiva,[41][42]Rama, Ravana & ArjunaBrahmashirsha astraBrahmaCapable of killing devas.Drona, Ashwatthama, Arjuna & RavanaVaishnavastraVishnu, the PreserverWould destroy target completely, irrespective of target's nature. Infallible. Krishna shared it with Arjuna.[43]Rama, Krishna & ArjunaPashupatastraShivaThe most powerful weapons among all the astras. It summons a larger number of monsters and a huge spirit which personifies the weapon. Would destroy target completely, irrespective of target's nature. This astra was capable to destroy whole world.[44] Vishwamitra and Rama too had this weapon.[45]
Chaubis AvtarEdit

Arjuna is considered as 22th avtar of Lord Vishnu in Chaubis Avtar, a composition in Dasam Granth traditionally and historically attributed to Guru Gobind Singh.

In popular cultureEdit

Arjuna is a popular choice of name for a Hindu male child in the Indian subcontinent. As told in the verses in Harivamsha or Harivamsha Purana, the name Arjuna is cursed by the sage Parashurama. After the defeat of the mighty and evil king Kartavirya Arjuna or otherwise called Sahasra Arjuna, Sage Parashurama pronounced the curse that whoever holds the name Arjuna will never become a king and always be a servant of others.[46]

Modern referencesEdit



Arjuna Wijaya monument in Jakarta, Indonesia

Arjuna's extraordinary talents and skills have made him a common name in popular culture.

The American astronomer Tom Gehrels named a class of asteroids with low inclination, low eccentricity and earth-like orbital period as Arjuna asteroids.[47][48][49]

The Arjuna Award is presented every year in India to one talented sportsman in every national sport.

Arjun is a third generation main battle tank developed for the Indian Army.

Mayilpeeli Thookkam is a ritual art of dance performed in the temples of Kerala. It is also known as Arjuna Nrithyam (lit. Arjuna's dance) as a tribute to his dancing abilities.

There have been a serial and a film based on Arjuna's life and exploits.

Earth Maiden Arjuna is a Japanese animated television series created by Shoji Kawamori. This series is based on Arjuna and the Mahabharata. Arjuna: Into the Another World is the soundtrack produced for the series.

Arjun: The Warrior Prince is a 2012 mythological action film narrating the events in Arjuna's life.

"Arjuna" is a character in Orson Scott Card's "Earth Afire" and "Earth Awakens" made in 2013 and 2014 respectively.

Additionally, the protagonist in Steven Pressfield's book The Legend of Bagger Vance, Rannulph Junuh, is based in part on Arjuna (R. Junuh).[50]

In modern South Asian televisionEdit

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In B. R. Chopra's Mahabharat, Arjuna's role is played by Arjun.
In 2013 Mahabharat television series, Arjuna is portrayed by Shaheer Sheikh.
Mani Ratnam's 1991 blockbuster Thalapathi was loosely based on the Mahabharata. In the film, Arvind Swamy's character was loosely based on Arjuna.
In Dharmakshetra 2014, actor Ankit Arora portrayed Arjuna.
In 2015 Sony TV serial Suryaputra Karn, actor Navi Bhangu played the role of Arjuna.
In Nagarjuna 2015 serial, Rahul Sharma played Arjuna.

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