Russia

Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), officially the Russian Federation[12] (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia.

Posted 5 months ago in People and Nations.

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saurabh murtadak
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At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi),[14] Russia is by a considerable margin the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area,[15][16][17] and the ninth most populous, with about 146.77 million people as of 2019, including Crimea.[8] About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the second largest city in Europe; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. However, Russia recognises two more countries that border it, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are internationally recognized as parts of Georgia.

Russian Federation
Росси́йская Федера́ция (Russian)
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem:
"Государственный гимн
Российской Федерации"
(tr.) "Gosudarstvenny gimn
Rossiyskoy Federatsii"
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"


Location of Russia (green)
(including Crimean peninsula)[note 1]
Capital
and largest city
Moscow
55°45′N 37°37′E
Official language
and national language
Russian
Recognised national languages
See Languages of Russia
Ethnic groups (2010)[2]
81.0% Russian
3.7% Tatar
1.4% Ukrainian
1.1% Bashkir
1.2% Armenian
1.0% Chuvash
11.0% others / unspecified
Religion
See Religion in Russia
Demonym(s)
Russian
Government
Federal dominant-party semi-presidential constitutional republic[3]
• President
Vladimir Putin
• Prime Minister
Dmitry Medvedev
• Chairman of the Federation Council
Valentina Matviyenko
• Chairman of the State Duma
Vyacheslav Volodin
Legislature
Federal Assembly
• Upper house
Federation Council
• Lower house
State Duma
Formation
• Arrival of Rurik[4]
862
• Kievan Rus'
882
• Grand Duchy of Moscow
1283
• Tsardom of Russia
16 January 1547
• Russian Empire
22 October 1721
• Russian Republic
14 September 1917
• Russian SFSR
7 November 1917[note 2]
• Soviet Union
30 December 1922
• Sovereignty Declaration
12 June 1990
• CIS Declaration
8 December 1991[note 3]
• Russian Federation
25 December 1991[note 3]
• Current constitution
12 December 1993
Area
• Total
17,125,191 km2 (6,612,073 sq mi)[5][6] (1st)
• Water (%)
13[7] (including swamps)
Population
• 2019 estimate
146,793,744 (including Crimea)[8] (9th)
• Density
8.4/km2 (21.8/sq mi) (225th)
GDP (PPP)
2019 estimate
• Total
$4.357 trillion[9] (6th)
• Per capita
$30,284[9] (49th)
GDP (nominal)
2019 estimate
• Total
$1.610 trillion[9] (11th)
• Per capita
$11,191[9] (60th)
Gini (2015)
37.7[10]
medium · 98
HDI (2017)
0.816[11]
very high · 49th
Currency
Russian ruble (₽) (RUB)
Time zone
UTC+2 to +12
Date format
dd.mm.yyyy
Driving side
right
Calling code
+7
ISO 3166 code
RU
Internet TLD
.ru
.su
.рф
The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD.[18] Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire,[19] beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium.[19] Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century.[20] The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities and achieved independence from the
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