Yamunotri

River and the seat of the GoddessYamuna in Hinduism. It is situated at an altitude of 3,293 metres (10,804 ft) in the Garhwal Himalayas and located approximately 30 kilometers (19 mi) North of Uttarkashi, the headquarters of the Uttarkashi district in the Garhwal Division of Uttarakhand, India. 

Posted 3 months ago in Places and Regions.

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The actual source, a frozen lake of ice and glacier (Champasar Glacier) located on the Kalind Mountain at a height of 4,421 m above sea level, about 1 km further up, is not frequented generally as it is not accessible; hence the shrine has been located on the foot of the hill. The approach is extremely difficult and pilgrims therefore offer puja at the temple itself.

The temple of Yamuna, on the left bank of the Yamuna, was constructed by Maharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal. The deity is made of black marble. The Yamuna, like the Ganges, has been elevated to the status of a divine mother for the Hindus and has been held responsible for nurturing and developing the Indian civilization.

Close to the temple are hot water springs gushing out from the mountain cavities. Surya Kund is the most important kund. Near the Surya Kund there is a shila called Divya Shila, which is worshipped before puja is offered to the deity. Devotees prepare rice and potatoes, tied in muslin cloth, to offer at the shrine by dipping them in these hot water springs. Rice so cooked is taken back home as prasadam. The pujaris of Yamunotri come from the village of Kharsali near Janki Chatti. They are the administrators of the sacred place and perform religious rites. They are well-versed in the Shastras.

Opening & ClosingEdit

Yamunotri Temple generally opens on Akshay Tritya, falls on end of April or starting of May month. Yamunotri Dham closed its gates before the advent of winter. The closing date of Yamunotri temple is second day after Diwali festival i.e Bhai Dooj.

History and legends

GeographyEdit

Yamunotri is located at 31.01°N 78.45°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 3,954 metres (12,972 ft).

Yamuna RiverEdit

Main article: Yamuna River

The actual source of Yamuna River lies in the Yamunotri Glacier, at a height 6,387 metres (20,955 ft), near theBandarpunch peaks in the Lower Himalayas and is dedicated to goddess Yamuna.[2] It crosses the states ofUttarakhand, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh,Himachal Pradesh and later Delhibefore merging with the Ganges atTriveni Sangam, Prayagraj.

Yamunotri TempleEdit

Main article: Yamunotri Temple

Yamunotri Temple is situated in the western region of Garhwal Himalayas at an altitude of 3,235 metres (10,614 ft) near the river source.[3] The original temple was built by Maharani Guleria ofJaipur in the 19th century. The current temple is of recent origin as earlier constructions have been destroyed by weather and the elements. There seems to be a confusion as to who built the temple of Yamunotri. However, according to sources, the temple was originally constructed by Maharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal.
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